MALAYSIA DAY REFLECTION: 60 YEARS OF FORMATION, THE SIGNIFICANCE OF MA63, AND THE ESSENTIALITY OF INSTITUTIONAL REFORM FOR NATION-BUILDING
Malaysia Day Reflection: 60 Years of Formation, the
Significance of MA63, and the Essentiality of Institutional
Reform for Nation-Building
As Malaysia celebrates her 60th anniversary since the formation
of the nation, let us recall the commitments made in the Malaysia
Agreement 1963 (MA63). On this day, we pause to reflect on the
past, evaluate our present, and envision our future.
MA63: Have we been serious enough?
The Malaysia Agreement 1963, a document central to the
formation of Malaysia, was designed to ensure the interests and
autonomy of Sabah and Sarawak, as equal partners; and to foster
political stability, economic growth and social development. Six
decades on, it is time to ask ourselves, "Have we been serious
about honouring this agreement?". This agreement is a
commitment to the preservation of the unique identities and rights
of these two, once sovereign states. It is a commitment that must
In the spirit of true nation building, the government of the day and
the rakyat must reevaluate our commitment to honouring MA63.
This is not the time for mere talk, but action must be taken to
uphold and empower the autonomy of Sabah and Sarawak.
Sabah and Sarawak are integral parts of Malaysia and must
continue to be recognised and seen as such.
Unity in the Horizon?
As we commemorate Malaysia Day, we need to be reminded of the diversity that has
shaped our nation. In this multi-ethnic and multicultural society, unity has always
been a core aspiration. But have we reached the horizon of true unity? Our diversity
should be our strength, a source of resilience and innovation. Achieving this unity is
not just about celebrating our differences but embracing them in a spirit of mutual
respect and cooperation.
Unity is vital in nation building. In promoting and maintaining unity, institutional
reform is an essential tool. We need institutional reforms that promote inclusivity,
diversity, and equality representation like, Harmony Act, at all levels of government
and society. It is through these reforms that we can ensure the safeguarding of every
Malaysian against any attempts to disrupt peace and unity. These reforms also
guarantee that every Malaysian, regardless of their background, has an equal stake
in the nation's progress.
Where are we after 60 years?
Six decades is a substantial span of time, and as a nation, we have come a long way.
We have seen remarkable progress in various fields, from economic growth to
technological advancements. Yet, we must not forget the challenges we still face -
economic disparities, political divides, a nation divided by racial and religious
sentiments, environmental concerns, and the pursuit of justice and inclusivity for all
To truly move forward, institutional reform must be our first agenda in the effort of
nation building. This includes addressing corruption, enhancing the transparency of
government institutions, and ensuring that the rule of law prevails. This is the time for
us to start working towards the enactment of the Harmony Act, Parliament Services
Act, Procurement Act, establishment of Ombudsman, to name a crucial few. Only
through institutional reform, we are able to strengthen our institutions. We reiterate
our recent call for the separation of Attorney General and Public Prosecutor’s power.
The separation of Malaysia’s parliamentary democracy through the three branches of
Legislative, Judiciary and Executive further strengthen our institutions, to create an
environment where every Malaysian can thrive and contribute to the nation's
This Malaysia Day, let us take a moment to remember the vision of our nation. Sabah
and Sarawak remain as crucial drivers for reform in all corners of Malaysia, and have
a duty to demand leadership to work on institutional reform, including upholding the
MA63. Let us reaffirm our commitment to building a Malaysia where the promises of
MA63 are upheld, where unity is not just a slogan but a way of life, and where, after
60 years, we can stand proudly together as one nation for the next 60 years and